Separate waste collection
Separate collection of municipal waste at the user’s location is performed within the framework of the public service collection of municipal wasteEvery person generates an average of more than 400 kilograms of waste per year. Most of that waste ends up in landfills because we use as much as 80% of things only once and then discard them. That is why it is critical to change our habits and act responsibly so that waste management would become as efficient as possible.
According to the waste management order of priority, the priority is given to waste prevention, followed by preparations for re-use, recycling and other recovery procedures, while waste disposal, including waste landfilling, is the least desirable waste management procedure. That is how we save valuable raw materials and preserve the environment.
Separate collection of municipal waste at the user’s location is performed as the public service collection of mixed municipal waste and biodegradable waste (public service).
At the user’s accounting location, the service provider (e.g. utility company) shall, under the public service, provide for:
- collection of mixed municipal waste
- collection of biodegradable municipal waste
- collection of recyclable municipal waste (plastic waste, scrap metal and waste glass) and, where appropriate, other types of waste intended for recycling (e.g. waste textile, wood waste, etc.).
- collection of waste paper, metal, plastic, glass and textile via containers placed in public areas
- collection of bulky waste in recycling yards, mobile recycling units and, once a year, at the location of the user.
The provider of the public service collection of mixed municipal waste and biodegradable waste (e.g. utility company) shall charge the user a fee proportional to the amount of waste submitted during the accounting period using the criterion for calculating the amount of waste defined in the decision on the manner of providing public services (hereinafter: the Decision), while the public service fee shall be calculated pursuant to the Regulation on municipal waste management (OG 50/17, 84/19; hereinafter: the Regulation).
The criterion for calculating the amount of waste is the mass of the waste submitted in the accounting period or the volume of the waste container and the number of times the container has been emptied in the accounting period.
Each local self-government unit shall select the criterion and prescribe it in the relevant Decision.
Waste paper/cardboard, glass, plasticYou can discard waste paper/cardboard, glass and plastic in appropriate containers or take such waste to a recycling yard.
Do not discard paper in mixed municipal waste.
It takes 70 percent less energy to recycle paper than it does to make it from raw materials. In Europe, paper is recycled three to four times. Paper amounts to as much as one quarter of household waste and. therefore, it is important to separate it as a raw material so that it can be recycled and reused, and not discarded at a landfill.
Do not discard glass in mixed municipal waste.
Glass can be recycled and used over and over again because it does not lose its properties. Before you discard glass bottles and jars in containers provided for this purpose, think about whether you can use them again.
Beverage packagingA producer placing on the market beverages in packaging covered by the deposit refund system (HRK 0.50) is obliged to mark such packaging with the deposit refund system sign.
A producer placing on the market returnable (multiple-use) packaging is obliged to mark such packaging with the returnable packaging sign.
A refund is the amount of money paid by producers as an incentive measure designed to encourage a waste holder to submit waste beverage packaging to the seller of beverages or to the recycling yard operator, and to receive in return the prescribed amount of a refund.
The seller of beverages (store) whose sales area is more than 200 square metres is obliged to take waste beverage packaging from consumers. The seller of beverages (store) whose sales area is less than 200 square metres may take waste beverage packaging from consumers, provided that it complies with spatial and technical requirements for the taking and storage of waste beverage packaging in a safe way.
You can return beverage packaging made of PET, glass or metal (Fe/Al) with volume greater than 0.2 litres, which is marked with the deposit refund system sign (refund HRK 0.50), to a store (or a recycling yard).
The store is obliged to pay you HRK 0.50 for every such returned bottle. Up to a maximum of 80 waste packaging units per day per individual consumer can be returned to a store in a single visit, provided they are covered by the deposit refund system (HRK 0.50).