Weapons can be divided into four categories, and your obligations vary depending on the categoryNOTE: Weapons possession licenses and weapons possession and carrying licenses whose validity expired after the epidemic was declared (11 March 2020) or will expire during the epidemic are valid and citizens do not need to file applications to extend their validity during the epidemic nor for 30 days from the date on which the epidemic is declared to be over. The same applies to all other administrative requirements for legal possession of weapons.
Category A weapons, cold weapons the primary purpose of which is to attack or cause injuries and objects which can cause injuries, when carried in a public place and when the manner or circumstances of carrying them indicate that they are carried to be used to attack or cause injuries, as well as category C and D weapons, when used to harass, attack or cause injuries, are considered prohibited weapons.
Category B weapons require prior authorisation from the Ministry of the Interior, and category C weapons only need to be reported to the Ministry of the Interior, while category D weapons do not require authorisation or reporting, with the exception of weapons which fire plastic balls or paintballs with the help of compressed air (airsoft and paintball guns), which do need to be reported if crossing a state border.
Category B weapons are the only weapons for the acquisition, possession and/or carrying of which natural persons have to meet certain requirements.
You can learn about weapon categorization on the website of the Ministry of the Interior.
Category B weaponsApplications for weapon acquisition should be submitted to the police administration or station in your place of residence.
To acquire a weapon, you need to meet these requirements:
- You need to provide proof of having passed the hunting examination if you are acquiring a weapon for the purpose of hunting or proof that you actively compete in shooting sports if you are acquiring a weapon for a sports purpose
- You have to be more than 21 years old
- You have to provide proof that you have not been finally convicted of a certain criminal offence or misdemeanour
- You need to have a space where you can safely keep your weapon
- You need to be medically fit to possess and carry the weapon, which is established by means of a medical examination
- You need to have the necessary technical know-how and skills for proper use of the weapon and be familiar with the legal provisions pertaining to the weapon.
A weapon acquisition authorisation for natural and legal persons is valid for six months from the date of issuance.
Within eight days from the date of weapon acquisition, an application for weapon registration should be submitted to the police administration or station in your place of residence. To establish that the information is authentic, the weapon also needs to be brought there. Natural persons are issued a weapons possession license or a weapons possession and carrying license.
One form for a weapons possession license or a weapons possession and carrying license can include three weapons and its validity can be extended three times.
When submitting an application for a weapon acquisition authorisation, a person who wants to acquire a weapon has to provide a written statement on their consent to their primary care physician or any other physician aware of any changes in their medical condition which affect their medical fitness to possess weapons notifying the police of this, as well as that the police may request information on their medical condition from their primary care physician or any other physician.
Weapons may not be carried without a weapon possession licence.